Sunday, February 11, 2018

Vocabulary Quiz: Commonly Confused Words



In each sentence, choose the correct word from the pair of similar terms. (If both words possibly can be correct, choose the more plausible one.)

1. Sallie’s parents criticized her constantly as a child; as a result, she has difficulty accepting a ______ .
a) compliment
b) complement

2. Many citizens feel that the government is not sufficiently concerned with the effects of _______ change.
a) climatic
b) climactic

3. The band director has finally succeeded in getting the beginners to play ______ on this piece.
a) all together
b) altogether

4. Her love of make-up and jewelry sometimes results in an extremely _______ appearance.
a) bazaar
b) bizarre

5. My brother’s gun collection includes an antique _______ loader.
a) breach
b) breech
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Answers and Explanations

1. Sallie’s parents criticized her constantly as a child; as a result, she has difficulty accepting a compliment.
a) compliment
A compliment is an expression of approval or praise. To complement is to improve or to add something that improves. Example: That green scarf will complement the color of your eyes.

2. Many citizens feel that the government is not sufficiently concerned with the effects of climatic change.
a) climatic
The adjective climatic refers to climate; climactic refers to forming a climax.

3. The band director has finally succeeded in getting the beginners to play all together on this piece.
a) all together
The two words all together mean “all at once”; altogether means “on the whole.” Example: Altogether, I prefer drama to comedy.

4. Her love of make-up and jewelry sometimes results in an extremely bizarre appearance.
b) bizarre
The adjective bizarre means “strange.” The noun bazaar refers to a Middle Eastern market.

5. My brother’s gun collection includes an antique breech loader.
b) breech
The noun breech refers to the back part of a gun barrel. The verb to breach means to break through something: The artillery breached the castle wall. Breach can also be a noun meaning a break or a gap: Soldiers poured through the breach in the wall.

Source: www.DailyWritingTips.com

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Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Three Types of Redundancy to Avoid



Redundancy in a sentence is annoying, and it is also a nuisance. Conveying information in more than one way, or by repeating wording, is consciously or subconsciously distracting to the reader and contributes to compositional clutter. Note in the discussions and revisions following each example how the sentence in question can be improved by deleting such infelicities.
 
1. Like Smith, Jones also owns a family-run business.

When an additive word or phrase such as like or “in addition to” introduces a sentence, using also to bridge the complementary phrases is redundant: “Like Smith, Jones owns a family-run business.”

2. Many components, such as asset balance, deposit balance, and interest income, etc., should be sensitive to the change in the macroeconomic environment.

Use of a phrase like “such as” or “for example” (or the corresponding abbreviation e.g.) is redundant to etc. (or “and so on”): “Many components, such as asset balance, deposit balance, and interest income, should be sensitive to the change in the macroeconomic environment.” (Or “Many components—asset balance, deposit balance, and interest income, etc.—should be sensitive to the change in the macroeconomic environment.”) Note, however, that i.e., which means “that is” (or “that is” itself), pertains to clarification and not to listing of examples, so it is not redundant to etc.

3. But the policy is not solely about consumers; it is about what the law calls a data subject. A data subject is defined as a living individual to whom personal data relates.

Avoid ending one sentence and beginning the subsequent sentence with the same word or phrase, which generally occurs when a word or phrase is introduced and then immediately defined: “But the policy is not solely about consumers; it is about what the law calls a data subject, which is defined as a living individual to whom personal data relates.”


My favourite redundancy is an office sign:

Department of Redundancy Department

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Tuesday, January 16, 2018

New Worldwide ESL Teaching Jobs as of January 16, 2018




Hey Aspiring Teachers!

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Here is where the jobs are. Just posted today...566 ESL teaching jobs in 36 countries around the globe. Those with a ‘v’ after the number indicate ‘volunteer’ positions. You will get housing, meals, medical but no salary. Travel may or may not be paid. All other positions shown should be salaried. Some will even pay your air travel (usually it is reimbursed once you complete your contract).

Austria 2, Belgium 1, Burma 2, Cambodia 3, Chile 6, China 200 +,  Czech Republic 10, Ecuador 2, France 3, Germany 10, Honduras 4v, Hong Kong 7, Hungary 1, Indonesia 8, Italy 60 +, Japan 20 +, Kazakhstan 1, Malaysia 6, Mexico 2, Mongolia 1, Poland 4, Portugal 3, Russian Federation 16, Saudi Arabia 20 +, Singapore 1, Slovakia 4, South Korea 20 +, Spain 100 +, Taiwan 6, Tanzania 1, Thailand 10, Turkey 5, Ukraine 1, United Arab Emirates 6, Vietnam 20 +.

What qualifications do you need?

1.       A degree in any discipline.
2.       Native English speaker are what parents prefer but some schools will hire you if you have a good command of the English language, understanding of grammar, and little or no accent.
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Dean of Studies
Sunbridge Institute of English